A novel chrome-free Ti–P composite film was prepared by casting a mixed solution containing titanium and phosphorus species, which is able to seal the pores on the tinplate surface. The obtained film was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The surface porosity sealing effect on tinplates was verified by using a glow discharge spectrometer (GDS), porosity tests, and XPS.
Sealing effect of surface porosity of Ti–P composite films on tinplates
May 28, 2019